The Kedatuan of Madja-as () was founded following a civil war in collapsing Srivijaya, wherein loyalists of the Malay datus of Srivijaya defied the invading Chola dynasty and its puppet-Rajah, called Makatunao, and set up a guerrilla-state in the islands of the Visayas.Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo.As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed in quick succession, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War.Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation.Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution.It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit.It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. From the period of the Spanish–American War (1898) and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902) until the Commonwealth period (1935–46), American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name.
postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around 48,000 to 5000 BC rather than by wide-scale migration.
Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic nations occurred.
Then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans.
The Philippines has an area of 343,448 square kilometers (132,606 sq mi) comprising one of the world's largest diasporas.
Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands.
These artifacts are said to be evidence of long range communication between prehistoric Southeast Asian societies.